During the last decade of the 20th century it was realized by the University that Pakistan will face tremendous challenges with regard to the provision of housing and other buildings for rapidly growing population in urban areas. It was also realized that the traditional Civil, Mechanical & Electrical Engineering will not be able to produce professional engineers & designers dedicated to the needs of the building industry. Furthermore, modern buildings have become very complex facilities housing several systems that ensure comfort and safety for the users.
It was realized that it is necessary to produce architectural engineers and designers who understand the Architecture, Engineering & Construction and the future trends. To fulfill these objectives the Department of Architectural Engineering & Design was created. The department offers the following programmes:
- B.Sc. in Building & Architectural Engineering
- M.Sc. in Building Engineering
- M.Sc. in Integrated Building Design
- Ph.D. in Architectural Engineering
The goal of the Building & Architectural Engineering is to provide graduates with multi disciplinary inputs for careers in the Construction Engineering, Architecture & Architectural Engineering. The multi-disciplinary education will give graduates a fundamental understanding of all building systems with an in-depth capability in a chosen option area. The breadth of technical knowledge includes:
- Architectural Studies: a comprehensive understanding of Architectural Design.
- Structural Engineering Studies
- Mechanical Systems Studies
- Lighting Systems Studies
- Electrical Systems Studies
- Acoustics Systems Studies
- Project Management
- Construction Methods
- Building Operations
The department possesses the following well equipped laboratories for students.
- Structural Engineering Laboratory
Structural laboratory is equipped with latest experimental equipments relating to structural engineering & mechanics. This laboratory contains latest machines and equipments for steel testing, concrete testing and engineering mechanics.
- Construction Materials Laboratory
The Construction Materials Laboratory is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities. The laboratory provides a good environment for both teaching and research. The undergraduate students conduct experiments on cement, aggregate, normal strength concrete, high strength concrete and fiber reinforced concrete. The research programmes conducted in the laboratory include: application of AE techniques in early detection of reinforcing steel corrosion, bond properties between smooth surface rebar and cement, tensile behaviour of short fiber reinforced cementitious composite, high performance concrete, investigation of bond failure for ceramic tile system, fly ash concrete, rubber particle concrete, impedance measurement of cementitious composites and composite reinforced concrete
The laboratory provides essential surveying equipments for the bachelor degree students to familiarize with the practical surveying technique in the construction field. The Surveying Laboratory established with the purpose of enabling students to practice land surveying techniques using a wide spectrum of surveying equipment ranging from traditional levels, transits and theodolites to the latest electronic total stations with data collectors and digital GPS equipment.
- Foundation Engineering Laboratory
This laboratory facility is equipped with equipment for testing of soil properties for their subsequent use in engineering projects and other related engineering areas. The following tests can be performed in this laboratory: water content, specific gravity, grain size distribution analysis (mechanical sieve analysis and hydrometer analysis), Atterberg Limits, standard and modified Proctor, constant head permeability, variable head permeability, direct shear, consolidation, unconfined compression, triaxial, vane shear and CBR.
- Basic Electricity Laboratory
The basic purpose of the laboratory is to demonstrate the use of basic electric equipment such as Voltmeter, Ammeter, Powermeter, Lux meter, distribution panel, etc. Experiments related to the lighting and illumination is also performed. The laboratory provides opportunity to learn about fault analysis of cable using Murry loop test, Varly loop test. Distribution panels can be used to evaluate voltage drop in DC & AC distributor with single end and double end configurations. Effect of variation of load over the system voltage configuration power factor can be observed and techniques may be applied to improve power factor of the system.
- Environmental Control Systems Laboratory
The goal of the Environmental Systems Laboratory is to advance sustainable design through research, education, and community outreach, with the aim of improving the dynamic interaction among the built, natural, and human environments. The Laboratory is equipped with latest experimental equipments as Digital Lux meters, Sound meters, Anemometers etc. Environmental control systems softwares are also available in order to facilitate general and simulation studies.
The department has set up three digital studios to provide the digital/ drawing facilities. Each studio is equipped with 50 Pentium IV computers and printing accessories. The studios are also equipped with modern teaching aids including audio visual aids such as multimedia projectors, the state of the art dorm scanners and plotters have also been provided in the studio.
The department has a well stocked library with a large number of books and journals on architectural design, structural design, building construction, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting design, plumbing design, environmental control systems and mathematics. More volumes of books and journals are being added day by day in order to provide adequate research facilities for students & faculty members.